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Hatton Park

Primary School

Phonics and Spelling

Phonics at Hatton Park


Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language. There are 44 different sounds, made up of singular or groups of letters. Some of these sounds then have a variety of ways of writing them down.


At Hatton Park Primary School we follow the Letters and Sounds progression, using a variety of ways of delivering it. We use a range of approaches to reach all children: whole class learning and pratcising, small group guided learning and also independent activities that promote using the skills of blending and segmenting.


We use carefully matched books that the children can read using the letter shapes that they have learned. We also promote 'real' books to enthuse the children and show that there is a real point to learning phonics - to read amazing books!


There is some key vocabulary that both children and adults use:

Phoneme - the smallest unit of sound a letter, or group of letters makes.
Grapheme - the written shape of a phoneme
Digraphs – two letters that make one phoneme

Trigraphs - three letters making one phoneme
Blend - two or more sounds said closely together e.g. spl, fl, xt, ump

Blending - bringing together individual sounds to make a word

Segmenting - breaking apart a word into the sounds it is made up of

Spelling at Hatton Park


As the children move from using phonetic decoding, we use No-nonsense Spelling as a basis for teaching the variety of spelling rules that the English language follows, and often does not follow!


We continue to value the importance of learning and practising to spell in a variety of ways that promote active and memorable learning.